On December 2, 1992, former Governor Robert P. Casey signed into law House Bill 20 (HB 20), better known as the Children's Health Insurance Act. Legislation initially was sponsored by Representative Allen G. Kukovich (D) in the House, and Senator Allyson D. Schwartz (D) in the Senate.
HB 20 created the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), a one of a kind program designed to provide insurance coverage to children whose families earn too much to qualify for Medical Assistance, but who could not afford to purchase private insurance. Pennsylvania's CHIP program would later be used as the model for the federal government's SCHIP program. Legislation for the federal CHIP program was signed into law August 5, 1997 by former President Bill Clinton.